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Carl Andre (born: Quincy, Massachusetts, September 16, 1935-New York, New York, January 24, 2024)

Carl Andre studied art under Patrick Morgan from 1951 to 1953 at Phillips Academy in Andover, Massachusetts. He knew Frank Stella from his time at Phillips Academy and remained close to him after both moved to New York in the late 1950s. He credits Stella with teaching him that his only artistic skill was as a sculptor. In the mid-1960’s, Andre worked on flat floor sculptures which influenced later earthworks and site sculptures. He made few outdoor sculptures because he disliked the organizational problems involved with large scale public works. His only major outdoor site sculpture is Hartford’s Stone Field, created in 1977.

To understand Andre’s work, one needs to understand the Minimal Art movement that began in the 1960’s, for Andre is regarded as a major figure in Minimalist Art. Supporters of Minimalism claim that it is the first American Art movement that owes nothing to the art of Europe. Minimalists seek simplicity through the use of geometry in order to remove the artist’s personality from the work. In this respect, it is a reaction against the emotional self-expression of Abstract Expressionism and Assemblage Art. As a result, the outstanding features of Minimal Art are clarity and restraint. Furthermore, Minimal Art is primarily sculptural since the advocates of this movement feel that the physical space that surrounds sculpture is intrinsically more powerful than the illusionistic space found in painting.

Andre had been married to the Cuban American artist Ana Medieta. He died in Manhattan at age 88.

Carl Andre in 1978

Map of Carl Andre Works

Work by this Artist

  1. Stone Field, 1977
    Stone Field, 1977


  • Carl Andre :  Published by Marta Gnyp, October 2015
  • Baigell, Matthew. Dictionary of American Art : New York, 1979
  • Carl Andre Born 1935 : Published by The Tate Gallery in 1981 Ronald Alley, Catalogue of the Tate Gallery's Collection of Modern Art other than Works by British Artists, Tate Gallery and Sotheby Parke-Bernet, London 1981, p.9
  • Obituary. Carl Andre, NYT Jan 24, 2024 : Randy Kennedy, "Carl Andre, 88, Austerely Minimalist Sculptor is dead." New York Times, January 24, 2024.